Comparative European History (Prof. Dr. Martin Kaufhold, University of Augsburg)

The comparative history of the European Middle Ages approaches medieval Europe as a region characterized by many social, economic, political and cultural networks, and uses these as the basis for comparative analysis. This makes a definition of Europe absolutely necessary, and requires the historian to pay attention to specific methods, interpretive models and the availability of sources. Comparison is intended to help clarify the specificities of historical phenomena, by asking whether or not causes that underlaid one historical development might be similar in the case of another development, and whether or not these causes should be seen from a new, superordinate perspective in order to determine their nature more accurately. (...)